Chapter 26. It supports the aim of "20% Wind by 2030" by providing planners with the tools and strategies they need to help plan for, open, and responsibly develop wind energy markets. United States Department of Energy. Available at: www.maine.gov/spo/landuse/docs/ModelWindEnergyFacilityOrdinance.pdf. Wind Farm Design: Planning, Research and Commissioning Issue 2 and Volume 12. 2008. "Wind." Next, you'll put the electrical wiring and systems in place and run tests to ensure that all the elements are operating properly. For example, the U.S. Department of Energy offers a handy wind map. Riverside (California), County of. Chapter 45. Saco (Maine), City of. Special Regulations. Chapter 167. Available at: www.windpoweringamerica.gov/. Includes sample ordinance language. 2009. An engineer can recommend suitable equipment and turbine placement based on your site, finances, and energy goals. Available at: www.nationalwind.org/asset.aspx?AssetId=467. Section 17-17-0311-B(4). 2005. 2008. Code of Ordinances. Section 8.12.170(Q). Home Improvements and Residential Energy Tax Credits. Andrews, C.J. Article XII. APA launched the survey on July 2, 2010, and announced the launch to APA's approximately 40,000 members in the July 6 edition of APA Interact, APA's bimonthly e-newsletter. "Wind Energy Conversion Facilities: Madison County Addition to Current Zoning Regulations.". Difficulties planning for and regulating wind energy in the face of continual technological innovation. Article IV. Zoning. Apple Valley (California), Town of. • A study of the effects of wind turbines upon property values. Finally, we asked where wind energy expertise lay within local government staff (see Table 3), and the majority of respondents reported that planners fit this role. Setback requirements, height limits, and noise thresholds are common ordinance provisions for small and community wind energy systems. Planning Advisory Service Essential Info Packet 18. Code of Ordinances. 2005. Available at: www.awea.org/documents/Policies_to_Promote_Small_Wind_Turbines.pdf. A lawyer or consultant who specializes in renewable energy development can help you navigate the laws governing your proposed project. • Discusses zoning for small wind energy systems. Brainerd (Minnesota), City of. Fax: 312-786-6700, American Planning Association PDF at: http://law.du.edu/images/uploads/rmlui/rmlui-sustainable-SolarWind.pdf. Authors found no widespread property value impacts resulting from the presence of wind turbines. Available at: www.cleanenergyresourceteams.org/files/2005_model_wind_ordinance.pdf. "Law of the Land: A Blog on Land Use and Zoning." "Companion Document to Model Amendment to a Zoning Ordinance or By-law: Allowing Wind Facilities by Special Permit." Conveying accurate, meaningful information about wind projects was also a key element of wind energy implementation. Section 14. Donegal wind farm planning appeal rejected due to Hen Harrier nesting site An Bord Pleanála rejected the appeal against Donegal County Council's refusal of planning permission The Hen Harrier is on the conservation amber list. Wind Energy System. In their comments, many respondents suggested having a good local ordinance that addresses wind energy, whether this meant writing a new set of regulations for wind or updating an existing wind energy ordinance. Biddeford (Maine), City of. Although local council may grant planning permission for building a wind farm for a site but often it does not involve the consent of the locals. Section 17.50.215. American Wind Energy Association. In their comments, survey takers most commonly identified the following issues: Finally, we asked survey respondents to suggest resources and information that would assist them in implementing wind energy projects. 2009. Barnstable (Massachusetts), Town of. Special Land Uses. Available at: www.nationalwind.org. Special wind speed maps can help you identify a region with suitable wind resources. Manwell and S.Wright. In these cases, the wind farm may not require a link to the regular electric grid. Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Land Development Regulations. Chapter 17.224. The majority of respondents (87 percent) were public-sector planners, with 10 percent from the private sector, 2 percent from academia, 1 percent from nonprofits, and 6 percent from other sectors, including the federal government (respondents could select more than one response to this question). Available at: www.nationalwind.org/asset.aspx?AssetId=479. Zoning Ordinance. Title 17. 17.61B. NWCC's website contains many resources and reports on issues affecting this goal, with particular emphasis on transmission, wildlife and siting concerns. Landscaping and Environmental Protections. Airtricity’s was originally less than 50, but has now been increased to 58. Wells County Zoning Ordinance (WCZO). Monterey (California), County of. Alternative Energy Systems. Norton Shores (Michigan), City of. Code. Available at: www.mass.gov/Eoca/docs/doer/renew/allow-wind-by-permit-companion.pdf. General Requirements. Unalaska (Alaska), City of. • This webpage contains links to the DOE's wind energy programs and research efforts. Chapter 21.64. Zoning. For small wind energy systems, the five most commonly cited provisions in use by respondents' communities were setbacks (56 percent), height limits (51 percent), permitting small wind energy systems as an accessory use (38 percent), noise thresholds (37 percent), and permitting small wind energy systems as a conditional or special use (35 percent). Article II. August/September. February 20, 2020 . 2010. Municipal Code. In 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy issued 20 percent Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply, a report examining the feasibility of using wind energy to provide 20 percent of U.S. electricity needs by 2030. Title 19. To begin, we asked respondents to tell us some information about themselves to gain a better sense of the contexts in which they are addressing wind energy issues. To further assess the current state of wind energy planning, we asked questions relating to the content of local ordinances regulating small, community, and large-scale wind energy systems (see Table 4). Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. • NREL specializes in research and development related to alternative energy and energy efficiency. Until recently wind farms which had an output of over 50MW were classed as nationally significant infrastructure projects to be consented by the Secretary of State. The project, located in south-west Queensland, 20km north-east of Jandowae, will comprise up to 110 wind turbines and a 50 MW/200 MWh battery storage and associated infrastructure. Other methods for differentiating between different system types included those based on turbine height or whether the energy generated by the system will be used onsite or sold to other users. Ryanair chief executive Michael O’Leary has become involved in a planning row over proposals for a wind farm near land he owns at Delvin, Co. Westmeath. • NWCC brings together wind energy stakeholders from many sectors to pursue the shared goal of promoting the US market for commercial wind energy. Small wind energy systems. "Small Wind Energy." Accessory Wind Energy Systems. Wind Turbine Sound and Health Effects: An Expert Panel Review. Article IX. Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, University of Massachusetts at Amherst. 2008. 2006. 2010. These include developing transmission infrastructure, streamlining siting and permitting procedures, and increasing wind turbine installations. Wind Turbines and Wind Energy Facilities. 2004. Three-fifths of respondents estimated that public opinion toward wind energy in their communities was more positive than negative, though not overwhelmingly so. • A clearinghouse of small wind news. Small Wind Electrical Generation Towers. Section 8.1. Model Wind Ordinance for Wind Energy Facilities in North Carolina. Unified Development Ordinance. Wind Energy Conversion System Ordinance. Available at: www.awea.org/smallwind/toolbox/IMPROVE/zoning.asp. Planners are the local government staff most likely to be engaged in wind energy issues. The fundamental goal is to optimize energy efficiency, minimize capital and operational costs, and remain within the site's constraints. 2010. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. 2010. • Detailed examination of sound produced by wind turbines, its impact, and the various ways to regulate it. Available at: www.ceere.org/rerl/publications/whitepapers/Wind_Turbine_Acoustic_Noise_Rev2006.pdf. Chapter 19.64. Code of the Town of Brewster, Massachusetts. 2008. 2008. This page contains information on the wind and water power program. 2010. North Carolina Wind Working Group. Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, Office of Energy and Technology Development. "The Power of Wind: Current Legal Issues in Siting for Wind Power." Among those respondents noting small-scale wind, 78 percent counted less than 10 projects. 2010. Code of Ordinances. However, to sell excess power, you still need a way to deliver that power to the electric utility. As part of the first phase of this project, APA developed a survey to assess the current state of wind energy planning in communities across the country, discover what challenges planners are facing in planning for, regulating, and implementing wind energy facilities, and ask what information or resources would be most helpful to them in planning for wind energy. 2010. 2010. Chapter 14. 2010. Title 14. United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. • Discusses best practices for zoning for wind systems and includes a model wind ordinance. 2008. Wind Power Facility Siting Case Studies: Community Response. Section 27.63.420. Hoen, B., et al. • Discusses elements of the permitting process, with information on both the overall structure of the process and specific strategies. Figure 1: Attitude Toward and Experience with Wind Energy. Title 18. Best, A. Zoning. Lancaster (California), City of. Recent changes to onshore wind planning policy made by the Government has aimed to give local communities more of a say in which developments are approved. • Provides 3 model ordinances: amendments to an existing zoning code, subdivision/land development regulations for wind energy systems, and a free-standing ordinance. Chapter 42. Zoning. Woodland (California), City of. Chapter 59. Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources, State of. Beta Version 1.2. In addition to basic information about wind energy, respondents were looking for model and sample ordinance language; case studies of communities that have implemented wind energy; siting guidelines; information on potential impacts of wind turbines; hard data, particularly on wind resources, performance of wind turbines and wildlife impacts; and information on financing options. 14-03-08. Chicago (Illinois), City of. 15.0000. Wind energy conversion system (WECS) regulations. Municipal Code of Rohnert Park. Article VI. 2010. 2010. Ordinance writing was the most common activity of respondents, followed by research and data collection. 14.8. River Falls (Wisconsin), City of. Zoning Ordinance. Grand Rapids (Michigan), City of. Although one-fourth of respondents reported that no other regulations affected local regulation of wind energy, other respondents did indicate some level of necessary intergovernmental coordination. 2009. Murrieta (California), City of. Available at: www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/wind/10408. Once the foundation is prepared, you'll need to erect the turbines with specialized hoists. San Diego (California), County of. American Planning Association Available at: http://irecusa.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/IREC-Community-Renewables-Report-11-16-10_FINAL.pdf. Accessory Wind Energy Systems. Chapter 18.265. Permissible Uses. In the Public Interest: How and Why to Permit for Small Wind Systems. Effective June 12, 2009. Madison (Nebraska), County of. Wind Energy Ordinance. • A guide on the development and implementation of utility-scale wind projects (greater than 600 kW), with particular emphasis on information relevant to county commissioners and other county-level officials. • Website for the DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, which researches and invests in renewable energy. Huron (Michigan), County of. Wind Turbine System, Large. Available at: http://puc.sd.gov/commission/twg/WindEnergyOrdinance.pdf. Only 12 percent of respondents noted that neighboring jurisdictions' wind regulations impacted their own, with 4 percent listing neighboring jurisdictions environmental regulations. Because there is a wide range of definitions given for different scales of wind energy, however, we also asked respondents to tell us if their size thresholds or definitions differed from those we provided. An Overview of Existing Wind Energy Ordinances. 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