In response, Sepp Blatter, head of FIFA, joked that they would have to "refrain from sexual activity" while in Qatar. In Islam, the term mukhannathun is used to describe gender-variant people, usually male-to-female transgender. He did not approve of such acts, but believed that Muslims who abstained from sodomy would be rewarded by sex with youthful boys in paradise.[79]. [20][21][22][23][24][25] In other countries, such as Algeria, Bangladesh, Chad,[26] Malaysia, Maldives, Pakistan, Qatar, Somalia, and Syria, it is illegal, and penalties may be imposed. In the Quran God has said: ... who oppress men with wrongdoing and insolently transgress beyond bounds through . Islam a Religion of mercy does not permit Terrorism. It was founded in October 2001 by Muslim LBT women. In 2014 eight men were jailed for three years by a Cairo court after the circulation of a video of them allegedly taking part in a private wedding ceremony between two men on a boat on the Nile.[172]. . [64], According to Everett Rowson, none of the sources state that Muhammad banished more than two mukhannathun, and it is not clear to what extent the action was taken because of their breaking of gender rules in itself or because of the "perceived damage to social institutions from their activities as matchmakers and their corresponding access to women". While another group consider flogging with 100 lashes is the correct punishment. Even in these circumstances, Muslim are only to fight directly against those who are attacking them, not innocent bystanders or non-combatants. [57] At the same time, many miniatures, especially from Ottoman Turkey, contain explicit depictions of pederasty, suggesting that the practice enjoyed a certain degree of popularity. The Quran contains several allusions to homosexual activity, which has prompted considerable exegetical and legal commentary over the centuries. Thereupon, the Prophet said: "Indeed they are your brothers, and they perform acts of worship by night [prayers] in the same way you do, but when they are alone, they transgress the Limits of Allaah. " It is difficult to appreciate the different aspects of the Islamic policy with- out fully understanding these three principles. [8], During the early period, growth of a beard was considered to be the conventional age when an adolescent lost his homoerotic appeal, as evidenced by poetic protestations that the author still found his lover beautiful despite the growing beard. [8] Poets used it to illustrate the power of love, pointing to Mahmud as an example of a man who becomes "a slave to his slave", while Malik Ayaz served as an example of the ideal beloved, and a model for purity in Sufi literature. "Iraqi PMU English on Twitter: "Today we stand with the victims of the #Orlando attack on civilians by #ISIS. While Iran has outlawed homosexuality, Iranian Shi'a thinkers such as Ayatollah Khomeini have allowed for transgender people to change their sex so that they can enter heterosexual relationships. Trans women can't access educational institutions and medical services. [8] The increased prosperity following the early conquests was accompanied by a "corruption of morals" in the two holy cities of Mecca and Medina, and it can be inferred that homosexual practice became more widespread during this time as a result of acculturation to foreign customs, such as the music and dance practiced by mukhannathun, who were mostly foreign in origin. Islam teaches that no nation should transgress against another nation, nor should one state transgress against another, but that nations and states should cooperate with each other for the purpose of advancing the interests of the whole humanity. Divorce is permitted in Islam as a last resort if it is not possible to continue a marriage. comes upon a man, then they are both adulterers.”. As of 2018, one transgender woman became a news anchor, and two others were appointed to the Supreme Court. Dialmy sees a solution to this back and forth swing by a "reinterpretation of repressive holy texts. He founded Marhaba, a support group for, The Safra Project for women is based in the UK. However, the Law on the Combating of Prostitution, and the law against debauchery have been used to imprison gay men in recent years. [60], In addition, there is a number of "purported (but mutually inconsistent) reports" (athar) of punishments of sodomy ordered by early caliphs. Overall, Ali says that "there is no one Muslim perspective on anything. "[120], In some Muslim-majority countries, current anti-LGBT laws were enacted by United Kingdom or Soviet organs and retained following independence. "[112], In Jordan, where homosexuality is legal, "gay hangouts have been raided or closed on bogus charges, such as serving alcohol illegally. As long as a person has a love for Allah SWT and believes the Shahada and follows the five pillars of Islam, what difference does everything else make? During March 2019, British Muslim parents began protesting Parkfield Community School, a town where more than a third of the children are Muslim, due to the school's implementation of a “No Outsiders” sex-education program. Certain steps need to be taken to ensure that all options have been exhausted and both parties are treated with respect and justice. Transgender is an umbrella term, describing when a person’s gender identity is different than what society expects based on the person’s sex assigned at birth. The so-called Jihadi groups, which consist of extremist Muslims of every faction: ranging from Salafis, Wahhabis, Al-Qaeda, Taliban, Isis and many more, consider themselves as advocates of True Islam. [132], Same-sex sexual activity is illegal in Chad since 1 August 2017 under a new penal code. transgress definition: 1. to break a law or moral rule: 2. to break a law or moral rule: . Therefore, Islam can be described as "a religion that positively assesses diversity in creation and in human societies." Same-sex sexual intercourse is legal in Albania, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Mali, Niger, Tajikistan, Turkey, West Bank (State of Palestine), most of Indonesia, and in Northern Cyprus. We must be willing to have real and open discussions about these subjects, because the lives and safety of our trans Muslim brothers and sisters are at stake. [Ibn Maajah and At-Tabaraani] What is meant in the narration are the people who refrain from committing sins and pretend to be righteous when in the presence of other people, but as soon as they … The second type acts like a woman out of immoral purposes and he is the sinner and blameworthy. European chroniclers censured "the indulgent attitudes to gay sex in the Caliphs' courts. [instagram-feed num=9 cols=3 showheader=false headersize=small showfollow=true followtext=”Follow” showbutton=false ]. [72] Most legal schools treat homosexual intercourse with penetration similarly to unlawful heterosexual intercourse under the rubric of zina, but there are differences of opinion with respect to methods of punishment. Depriving transgender people of their inheritance, humiliating, insulting or teasing them were also declared haraam. Those feelings are valid and justified because, remember: no one can tell another person who they are or what they are feeling. It is regarded as a cure for homosexuality, which is punishable by death under Iranian law. When both finished their turns, one told the other: “shameless practices have ruined our city.” The other man nodded and said, “You and I are the city’s blessed seniors, what then do you expect from others?”[99], Mehmed the Conqueror, the Ottoman sultan living in the 15th century, European sources say "who was known to have ambivalent sexual tastes, sent a eunuch to the house of Notaras, demanding that he supply his good-looking fourteen-year-old son for the Sultan's pleasure. [1] Some Muslim academics disagree with this interpretation, arguing that the people of Lot were destroyed not because of participation in same-sex acts, but because of misdeeds which included refusing to worship one God, disregarding the authority of the Prophets, and attempting to rape the travelers, a crime made even worse by the fact that the travelers were under Lot's protection and hospitality. [10] Homoeroticism was idealized in the form of poetry or artistic declarations of love from one man to another. Difficult to find acceptance within my faith and difficult to be a part of a community that doesn’t always believe I have a place in it. To act in violation of (the law, for example). Salaam was found in 1993 by, In May 2009, the Toronto Unity Mosque / el-Tawhid Juma Circle was founded by Laury Silvers, a. Imam Daayiee Abdullah, one of America's first openly gay Imam's, argues that the existing view towards homosexuality among Muslims is based on tradition, not an interpretation of scriptures. Good people. Faisal Kutty, a professor of Islamic law at Indiana-based Valparaiso University Law School and Toronto-based Osgoode Hall Law School, commented on the contemporary same-sex marriage debate in a 27 March 2014, essay in the Huffington Post. [77][129], According to the International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA) seven countries still retain capital punishment for homosexual behavior: Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iran, Afghanistan, Mauritania, Sudan, and northern Nigeria. [108] In the secular society however, a male's desire to penetrate a desirable youth was seen as understandable, even if not lawful. [17][18] The 1860 Indian Penal Code, which included an anti-sodomy statute, was used as a basis of penal laws in other parts of the empire. The Lot story is interpreted as condemning "rape and inhospitality rather than today's consensual same-sex relationships. They "fall into three broad categories: (1) God Is Merciful; (2) That Is Just Who I Am; and (3) It's Not Just Islam. [87], Abdessamad Dialmy in his 2010 article, "Sexuality and Islam," addressed "sexual norms defined by the sacred texts (Koran and Sunna)." Print, Rusmir Musić, "Queer Visions of Islam" in, Marhuq Fatima Khan, "Queer, American, and Muslim: Cultivating Identities and Communities of Affirmation" in, International Lesbian and Gay Association, International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association, "visible signs of being a woman" is allowed to marry a man, those based in socially conservative Christianity, Muslim Alliance for Sexual and Gender Diversity, Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History, and Literature, Hot Docs Canadian International Documentary Festival, "Oppression and Subalternity: Homosexual and Transgender in Islam", "Islam and Homosexuality: Religious Dogma, Colonial Rule, and the Quest for Belonging", "How homosexuality became a crime in the Middle East", "UK party leaders back global gay rights campaign", "Man Accused of "Gay Handshake" Stands Trial in Dubai", "State-Sponsored Homophobia: A World Survey of Laws Prohibiting Same-Sex Activity Between Consenting Adults", "Analysis - Here are the 10 countries where homosexuality may be punished by death", "The Politics of Homosexuality in Africa", "State-sponsored Homophobia: A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults", "Qatar's Gay Rights Policy Under Scrutiny", "Syria: Treatment and human rights situation of homosexuals", "Activists hail Lebanon ruling that could protect gay rights", "Appeals court in Lebanon rules consensual same-sex relations are not unlawful", "In response to anti-LGBT fatwa, Jokowi urged to abolish laws targeting minorities", "Indonesia: Situation of sexual minorities, including legislation, treatment by society and authorities, state protection and support services available (2013- June 2015)", "Global Justice Project: Iraq » Archive » Homosexuality and the Criminal Law in Iraq: UPDATED", "State-sponsored Homophobia - A world survey of laws: Criminalisation, protection and recognition of same-sex love", "Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan On Enactment of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan", "Muslim states block gay groups from U.N. AIDS meeting; U.S. protests", "Islamic states, Africans walk out on UN gay panel", "Historic UN Session On Gay Rights Marked By Arab Walkout", "South Africa leads United Nations on gay rights", "Over 80 Nations Support Statement at Human Rights Council on LGBT Rights » US Mission Geneva", "Sexuality, diversity and ethics in the agenda of progressive Muslims", "Sahih al-Bukhari » Book of Military Expeditions led by the Prophet » (56) Chapter: The Ghazwa of At-Taif", "Sunan Abi Dawud » Book of General Behavior (Kitab Al-Adab) » (61) Chapter: The ruling regarding hermaphrodites", "Partial Translation of Sunan Abu-Dawud, Book 32: Clothing (Kitab al-Libas)", "IslamOnline: Should beheading be the penalty for homosexuals? [84], In a 2012 book, Aisha Geissinger[85] writes that there are "apparently irreconcilable Muslim standpoints on same-sex desires and acts," all of which claim "interpretative authenticity." Muhammad described the musician as a mukhannath and threatened to banish him if he did not end his unacceptable career. "[16] University of Münster professor Thomas Bauer points that even though there were many orders of stoning for homosexuality, there is not a single proven case of it being carried out. In February 2019, the government of Indonesia – a country with a majority Muslim population – threatened to ban, The Muslim Debate Initiative (MDI) made up of Muslims "with experience in public speaking, apologetics, polemics, research and community work." [212] Livingstone then ignited controversy when he thanked Straightway for the letter. 32, Koliate Obeid Zakani, edited by Parviz Atabaki, Zavar Publication, 1384, p. 316. Some scholars argue that "the Qur'an does not address homosexuality or homosexuals explicitly. Muslims all over the world have to observe the limits. Then they (the wives) observed veil from him.[67]. '", Other hadiths seem to permit homoerotic feelings as long as they are not translated into action. So establish weight with justice and fall not short in the balance.” Due to the traditional mentality of the predominantly conservative Bangladeshi society, negative attitudes towards those in the LGBT community are high. He forgives whom He wills and punishes whom He wills. For the next seventy years, until the dismantlement of the first state in 1818, the Wahhabis dominated from Damascus to Baghdad. "[112] Mustafa Akyol writes that "The Ottoman sultans, arguably, were social liberals compared with the contemporary Islamists of Turkey, let alone the Arab World. [27][28][29][30][156][157][35][158] In Kuwait, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, homosexual acts between males are illegal, but homosexual relations between females are legal. [174], In Pakistan, transgender people make up 0.005 percent of the total population. [8] Their relationship, which was sketchily attested in contemporary sources, became a staple of Persian literature comparable to the story of Layla and Majnun. "[263], The Al-Fatiha Foundation was an organization which tried to advance the cause of gay, lesbian, and transgender Muslims. [217][218], Allegations were initially reported in Novaya Gazeta on 1 April 2017[219] a Russian-language opposition newspaper, which reported that over 100 men have allegedly been detained and tortured and at least three people have died in an extrajudicial killing. The sultanate currently has a moratorium in effect on death penalty. The Prophet turned out such-and-such man, and 'Umar turned out such-and-such woman. For intersex in Islam, see, "Islam and sexual orientation" redirects here. However there is no sin for those who choose not to marry, as long as they will not transgress against Allah’s limits and fall into the forbidden acts. [1][2][3][4] The Quranic narrative largely conforms to that found in Genesis. Regardless of this acceptance in certain Islamic communities and the legality in Islamic law of gender reassignment surgery, transgender Muslims after reassignment surgery still suffer from rejection, socially and culturally in their own communities due to their remaining in their place of origin. [8], In Kecia Ali's book, she cites that "contemporary scholars disagree sharply about the Qur'anic perspective on same-sex intimacy." [223], In response, the Russian LGBT Network is attempting to assist those who are threatened to evacuate from Chechnya. The aim of this program was to provide students with lessons on same-sex relationships. . [179], Although it prohibits homosexuality, Iran is the only Muslim country in the Persian Gulf region that allows transgender people to express themselves by recognizing their self-identified gender and subsidizing reassignment surgery. It has been suggested that this is part of a plan to separate Brunei from the western world and towards a Muslim one. Instead, trans women are being arrested and put in jail for up to one year for having same sex intercourse. unpunished. Maajid Nawaz vs Abdullah al Andalusi", "Implied Cases for Muslim Same-Sex Unions", Before Homosexuality in the Arab–Islamic World, 1500–1800, Islamic Homosexualities: culture, history, and literature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=LGBT_in_Islam&oldid=991935568#Gender_variant_and_transgender_people, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from January 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from May 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2020, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, States which did not support either declaration, States that are not voting members of the United Nations, States which supported an opposing declaration in 2008 and continued their opposition in 2011, South Sudan, which was not a member of the United Nations in 2008, States which supported the LGBT rights declaration in the General Assembly or on the Human Rights Council in 2008 or 2011, Turkey Muslims: According to the survey conducted by the, 31 December 2013 - New Year's Eve arson attack on gay nightclub in. [13], Homosexuality in the Ottoman Empire was decriminalized in 1858, as part of wider reforms during the Tanzimat. Ibn Al-Qayyim describes this as follows: No one can indulge in unlawfulness except for two reasons, the first of which is … Neither this term nor the equivalent for "eunuch" occurs in the Quran, but the term does appear in the Hadith, the sayings of Muhammad, which have a secondary status to the central text. Moreover, within Islam, there is a tradition of the elaboration and refinement of extended religious doctrines through scholarship. [8] This trend is illustrated by the story of Mahmud of Ghazni (971–1030), the ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire, and his cupbearer Malik Ayaz. The sacred texts "allow and actually are an enticement to the exercise of sexuality." They believe "one has to avoid getting buggered precisely in order not to acquire a taste for it and thus become addicted. Leaders failed to sustain the organization became public in 1998 deny these stories. 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