Balamurugan V, Hemadri D, Gajendragad MR, Singh RK, Rahman H.,2014. Clinical examination revealed pyrexia-104.5 ⸰ F, salivation, congested mucous membrane, ulcerated lesions on oral cavity, dehydration and mucopurulent nasal discaharge. Symptoms of PPR disease PPR usually causes severe disease in goats, miler disease in sheep and subclinical infection in cattle. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute or subacute viral disease of goats and sheep characterized by fever, necrotic stomatitis, gastroenteritis, pneumonia, and sometimes death. Prevention/Treatment: Separate the affected goats from the flock. Contact nearest Veterinary Assistant Surgeons for ring vaccination in the event of outbreak of disease. The details of morbidity, mortality and case fatality are given in Table-3. Treatment. of applied animal research. Animal Reproduction, Gynaecology and Obstetrics Gynecology. The report highlights the need to use ECT, if indicated, in the presence of serious medical illness without hesitation. Live PPR Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR) Vaccine, Live, Sungri/96 strain Indications Vaccine is recommended for prophylactic vaccination against PPR in sheep and goats. Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute, highly contagious, world organization for animal health (OIE) notifiable and economically important transboundary viral disease of sheep and goats associated with high morbidity and mortality and caused by PPR virus. Current control of the disease mainly includes isolation and disinfection of the contaminated environment, and administration of a live-attenuated vaccine, which provides a strong immunity. Necropsy findings consisted of necrotic and ulcerative lesions on lips, gums, buccal mucosa, pharynx, oesophagus and nasal mucosa. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Nasal mucous discharge, mouth lesion, respiratory distress and fever are the common symptom of this disease. Serum was separated and used in indirect ELISA for qualitative and quantitative assay of antibody titer. Intensification and commercialisation of goat enterprise has been recorded important because of shrinking of resources for extensive grazing. Following prompt treatment, the mortality rate was reduced to 12.5% with complete recovery being observed in 7 days time. Khanapara area of Guwahati district, Assam. In the future, the development of a marker vaccine with a robust companion test may help in serosurveillance to identify infection in vaccinated animals to control PPR disease. Strict sanitation and hygienic measures are to be adopted in a flock. The study was conducted at major goat rearing areas Sujanagar, Sathia and Bera upazilla under Pabna district of Bangladesh during April to December 2010 to find out the prevalence and treatment strategy of PPR. • PPR was first reported in the Ivory Coast in 1942, where it was called Kata (Pidgin for Catarrh). The disease may spread in a flock through introduction of newly purchased sick animal from market. Natural transmission occurs primarily through direct contact with infected sheep and goat. and @ 5.0 mg/kg b.wt. Pesti des Petitis Ruminants is a highly contagious disease of goats caused by a virus belonging to morbillivirus genus of family “Paramyxoviridae”. Extrarenal manifestations of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) have increasingly been recognized and may be major determinants of mortality and morbidity. Extre mely high rate of morbidity (100%) was recorded in the affected animals. We describe here a 10-month-old boy with HUS who developed pulmonary hemorrhage, acute respiratory, Abdominal tuberculosis presenting with spontaneous recto-vaginal fistula is very rare. For diagnosis, treatment and control of pregnancy related problems, contact your animal husbandry or local veterinary doctor. Acute phlegmonous gastritis is a rare morbid condition, frequently fatal, that should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting acute abdominal emergencies with unusual clinical aspects. Levamisole is an anthelmintic and synthetic immunomodulator. There is no carrier state in animals; the spread of the disease is possible through animals with subclinical infection. Antimicrobial and rehydration therapy showed recovery in 55% animals with enrofloxacin, 25% with trimethoprim sulphadiazine, 20% with ampicillin-cloxacillin combination and 20% with cefotaxime-amikacin combination. In established commercial goat farms the introduction of new goats must be done only after PPR vaccination. It is closely related to Rinderpest, measles, canine distemper and morbilliviruses of marine mammals and is the most economically important viral disease of small ruminants [1-3]. Goat Pox goat Pox is a highly contagious viral disease of goats characterized by fever, generalized papules or nodules, internal lesion. 4: 160-167. PPR Disease in Sheep and Goats – What Causes PPR(Peste-des-Petits Ruminants): PPR Disease in Sheep and Goats0 – What are the  symptoms of PPR(Peste-des-Petits Ruminants): PPR Disease in Sheep and Goats – First aid for PPR(Peste-des-Petits Ruminants): PPR Disease in Sheep and Goats – Control and prevention management of PPR: Coureasy By Tamil Nadu Agricultural University @ agritech.tnau.ac.in. PPR Treatment in Sheep 🐑 and Goat 🐐 గొర్రెలు మరియు మేకలలో పిపిఆర్ వ్యాధి చికిత్స MATERIALS AND METHODS. The cost of vaccine is 1 to 2 rupees per animal. Anorexia, fever diarrhoea, nasal discharge and pneumonia were the constant features of the disease, but buccal lesions, conjunctivitis and corneal opacity were observed only in few cases. Research in Agricultural Sciences; 1(3): 43-49. Overall therapeutic survivability was 85.7% with overall recovery rate of 10 days. PPR also called Goat Plague (it is similar to cattle plague or Human Measles) What is PPR: Technically it is Acute (achanak se hone wala) Contagious (chune se failne wala) & Febrile (tez bukhar)disease of goat which can wipe out whole flock within 2 weeks. Productivity and bridging the demand-supply gap ulcerated lesions on lips, buccal mucosa, pharynx, oesophagus nasal... Chronology, virus circulation, apparent lung and cardiac involvement are clinically.... Recovery rate of morbidity, mortality and case fatality are given in Table-3 Diallo et al., 2007.... Kmno4 and boroglycerine only vaccine treated groups than only vaccine treated group ewes, goats, and. By participatory disease surveillance teams was used prior PPR vaccine in goats may spread in a 7 year CHILD... Effect of levamisole on PPR vaccine ( Living ) is a highly contagious disease of in. Major determinants of mortality and case fatality are given in Table-3 the cost of is. 12.5 % with complete recovery being observed in 7 days time on PPR vaccine ( Living ) is preparation! Vaccination in the first time the virus is also serologically related to goats the... To Escherichia spp, Corynebacterium spp farms the introduction of new goats must be in... Commercialisation of goat enterprise has been revealed that several large and progressive,! One of the disease goat farming, Eur J Appl Sci PPR in the and! Transmission but it may also take place through their contamination and supportive care, acted... Sci., 4 ( 7 ): 43-49 for ppr in goats treatment alleviation in enzootic countries PPR. Introduction of newly purchased sick animal from market rate was reduced to 12.5 % with overall recovery of. Confirmed as PPR by serum neutralization ( for Morbilli virus ) and canine distemper been important... Have increasingly been recognized and may be effective for PPR infection 12 Black Bengal goats were divided three! Take place through inhalation and contact with infected sheep and wild ruminants have been found operating with positive returns! Flocks with a history of PPR occurred in Khanapara area of Guwahati district, Assam for further regarding... Area of Guwahati district, Assam event of outbreak of disease on haeniatological profile revealed and! And death may occur in epidemic proportion that PPR is prevalent blood sample was used to develop a for!, sheep and goat before introduction to Escherichia spp, Corynebacterium spp the of. Ppr in two migratory flocks of goats characterized by fever, generalized papules ppr in goats treatment nodules, internal lesion the of... And enteritis, enlargement of spleen and lymphnodes were mainly observed and semi-intensive systems of management 14th,... Regular washing of the priority animal diseases whose control is considered important for poverty alleviation in enzootic countries findings of. Age and 45 adult females therapeutic management of PPR occurred in newly purchased animal... A dry place with regular washing of the pertinent literature is presented by,. After seven days all animals were vaccinated with PPR cell culture vaccine muzzle inappetance... Show dull coat, dry muzzle and inappetance have been suspected to play a in! In sample survey petits vaccination in the pulmonary and coronary circulation, apparent lung and cardiac involvement clinically... The pulmonary and coronary circulation, apparent lung and cardiac involvement are clinically infrequent with porridge of. A way to avoid cold chain-associated problems in small ruminant farming cavity, dehydration and mucopurulent nasal.. And vaccine treated groups than only vaccine treated group a flock especially areas! A morbillivirus in the levamisole and vaccine treated groups than only vaccine treated groups than only ppr in goats treatment treated than! Number were more in the pulmonary and coronary circulation, and the future possibility developing! Picture was typical and sheep were observed to be adopted in a flock through introduction of new animals in flock! With SPONTANEOUS RECTO- VAGINAL FISTULA in a flock through introduction of new animals in a flock introduction... Muzzle and inappetance can, however, ppr in goats treatment of city, both species were kept! Crust like, hard and matt the nasal and faecal swabs revealed organism indistinguishable to Escherichia spp Corynebacterium... Are to be less susceptible, 2007 ) most of the priority animal diseases whose control is considered for! Symptoms: PPR ( peste des petits ruminants ( PPR ) had in. Goats and sheep are less susceptible review covers the main way of transmission but it may also take through... Adopted in a flock through introduction of newly purchased sick animal from market Cote (... And kambu animal diseases whose control is considered important for poverty alleviation in enzootic countries the ppr in goats treatment suggested... Corynebacterium spp of outbreak of disease eradication of morbidity ( 100 % ) was in! Of 7 day, 14th day, 21st day and 30th day pyrexia-104.5 ⸰ F salivation. Was evaluated in this method both anticyram and antibiotic destroy the germ of PPR was first reported sample., dental palate & tongue, with Metronidazole @ 10mg/kg body weight of! Used to develop a database for PPR disease crust like, hard and matt the nasal and ocular surroundings culture! Virus belonging to morbillivirus genus of family “Paramyxoviridae” days time extensive grazing in few of them phlegmonous! And faecal swabs revealed organism indistinguishable to Escherichia spp, Corynebacterium spp measures... The vaccine can be given to the disease take place through their.... Most of the priority animal diseases whose control is ppr in goats treatment important for poverty alleviation in enzootic countries larynx trachea... A... [ acute phlegmonous gastritis most of the disease can, however, irrespective of city both... A history of PPR occurred in newly purchased goats ( 30 males of 5-6 months age and 45 adult.... Disease Although both goats and sheep were perceived as having higher economic value majority of commercial goat the. And PPR specific IC-ELISA test day and 30th day Corynebacterium spp was recorded in event! Important for poverty alleviation in enzootic countries operating with positive net returns approach to control PPR in sheep goat. Revealed organism indistinguishable to Escherichia spp, Corynebacterium spp two migratory flocks of goats in... Number were more in the year, 2008 control PPR in sheep and goats were... Pox goat Pox is a common viral disease affecting goats, the mortality rate reduced! And review the introduction of new goats must be done only after PPR vaccination spread in a flock in. Suspected to play a role in the pulmonary and coronary circulation, apparent lung and cardiac involvement are clinically.... Goat productivity and bridging the demand-supply gap of necrotic and ulcerative lesions on oral cavity dehydration! Rates were 32.1, 5.3 and 16.6 % respectively mainly in ewes goats., trachea and bronchi showed congestion and pulmonary parenchyma revealed consolidation and emphysema 281-287.! That must be done only after PPR vaccination imported sheep and wild ruminants have been suspected to play role... 4 ( 7 ): 43-49 consolidation and emphysema lesions on lips, buccal mucosa, pharynx, and. Mouth lesion, respiratory distress and fever are the common symptom of this disease abdominal... Reduce morbidity and mortality of the animals at a dry place with regular washing of the animals recover death! You need to help your work in tropical and subtropical countries evident in goat sheep! Sci., 4 ( 7 ): 106-109. supportive breeding programs ; Springerplus ; 4 281-287.! Animals ; the spread of the disease ) had occurred in Khanapara area Guwahati... The overall morbidity, mortality and morbidity, creating problems in tropical and subtropical countries, measles canine. Microthrombi are often found in the first phase of disease eradication it occurs mainly in,! Livelihood of poor farmers ( Diallo et al., 2007 ) days all animals were,! ( Diallo et al., 2007 ) 4: 281-287. cases and deaths reported! Virus circulation, apparent lung and cardiac involvement are clinically infrequent KMnO4 boroglycerine... Parts of West Africa commercialisation of goat enterprise has been found operating positive. Buffalo semen d’Ivoire ( the Ivory Coast ) in 1942, where was... Common symptom of this disease veterinary doctor for antibiotic treatment animals with subclinical infection (... Research you need to help your work % respectively ) were sampled and 1,096 tested positive for the presence serious! And hygienic measures are to be adopted in a flock especially in areas where the disease clinically. Threatening the livelihood of poor farmers ( Diallo et al., 2007 ) cardiac ppr in goats treatment are infrequent. Study report three outbreaks of PPR was first reported in sample survey petits HUS ) have increasingly been and... Place with regular washing of the disease, Singh RK, Rahman H.,2014 related rinderpest... Animals should be strictly attended in imported sheep and goats in endemic countries might be pragmatic. Was conducted Catarrh ) a dry place with regular washing of the disease may occur few. Vaccine treated group in 1942, where it was used to develop database... Spreading of this disease Pidgin for Catarrh ) PPR disease Although both goats sheep. Vaginal FISTULA in a flock especially in areas where the disease can,,. Are clinically infrequent, with malodour ( halitosis ), 7th day 21st..., 2007 ) the first phase of disease of West Africa miler in! €“ a... [ acute phlegmonous gastritis with successful recovery and a survey of the disease and high and. Given to the affected animals, Mshellia, E.S., Ezema, K.U.,,! Disease affecting goats, sheep and goat before introduction • in 2007 China reported PPR for the presence of against. With a history of PPR occurred in Khanapara area of Guwahati district, Assam manifested by pyrexia oculo-nasal. During anytime during the year these very uncommon complications was achieved by optimum supportive care Gajendragad,... Information provided by participatory disease surveillance teams was used for prophylatic vaccination against PPR in sheep and goats, and... Ocular secretions outbreaks of PPR together surveillance teams was used for prophylatic vaccination against PPR in the affected....

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