1. T, The completed preparation. Considering the durability and somewhat aesthetics, PFM crowns have been the material of choice for single crowns and bridges for many years. PFM #12 Occlusal Reduction • 1.5 mm • Provide Adequate Occlusal Clearance • Occlusal Planar Reduction Lingual Reduction • Remove anatomical undercut 3-degree taper ... (PFM) Crown Preparation for Posterior Teeth Full Crown Module: Learner Level 1 . A, Depth holes. E and F, Lingual chamfer and facial shoulder are prepared on half the tooth. 9-3. PFM crown like: inadequate incisal or occlusal reduction, inadequate axial reduction, presence of undercuts, deficient finish line, and existence of sharp lines and/or angles. C, Half of the occlusal reduction is completed. As is evident from the photos, the porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crown prep axial walls should be slightly deeper than for zirconia or metal (1.5 mm) to accommodate 0.3–0.5 mm of metal substructure and the fused or pressed ceramic veneering material. e) Greater tooth reduction is needed. Fig. The occlusal reduction should be at least 1.5 mm and preferably 2.0 mm for the same reason. Conventional 2-plane occlusal reduction for PFM crown . REFERENCES A detailed look at all aspects regarding tooth preparation can help to improve clinical results in everyday practice. This can be accomplished with the help of depth grooves. • Second plane of reduction in occlusal 1/3 prevents over-thinning of the crown >1.2 mm >1.5 mm CAD/CAM Preparations . D, Occlusal reduction is complete. Suggested Burs for Preparation of Full Metal Crowns / PFM / All-Ceramic Crowns . 1mm (pink) commonly used for gold crowns; 1.5mm (green) commonly used for PFM crowns; 2mm (blue) commonly used … PrepCheck ®, the revolutionary prep-marking system, promotes adequate reduction allowing ideal thickness of the final restoration and ensures superior strength and aesthetics.PrepCheck’s ® special coating marks the tooth in areas that need to be reduced. Porcelain-fused-to-metal dental crowns require a greater amount of tooth reduction (trimming) than their all-metal counterparts. That being said, new ceramics such as lithium disilicate glass-ceramic and zirconia are rapidly replacing PFM. Complete Metal Crown – Tooth Preparation Review • A chamfer finish line that is 0.3 – 0.5 mm in depth • Axial reduction with 10 to 20 degrees of total occlusal convergence • Reduction for occlusal clearance of 1.0 – 1.5 mm • Auxiliary axial resistance form features as needed • Rounding of all line angles; 43. Criteria for tooth reduction. B, Occlusal depth cuts. Minimum recommended clearance is 1 mm on nonfunctional cusps and 1.5 mm on functional cusps. Available in 3 sizes. The features of a preparation for a complete cast crown and the function served by each . Restoration: Preparation Area: Bur: Full metal crown *Occlusal reduction & functional cusp bevel: Coarse grit round end tapered diamond *Proximal axial reduction: Medium grit short needle diamond & coarse grit round end tapered diamond For example, metal crowns can be as thin as 1.5 mm on their chewing surface whereas PFM crowns need to be at least 2 mm thick. A. Occlusal Surface Reduction The goal of occlusal reduction is to provide 1.0 mm uniform reduction of occlusal Ranier M. Adarve, DMD, MS, MHPE University of Minnesota School of Dentistry 3 surface and following the contour of the tooth. Guiding grooves are placed for axial reduction. 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