It must have been difficult for Every, the world’s most wanted fugitive, to pull off that kind of disappearing act; and yet he managed to do so. [24] Emperor Aurgangzeb was so angered, incensed over the loss of his family and treasure over the incident that he declared war on the English, and sent an army to Bombay (Mumbai).[n. Before the expedition could put so much as a single cannonball through the hull of a French ship, it stalled in a port in northern Spain. Oh captain, my captain. So, The Fancy and the Gunsway stood like duellists face to face. Gail Selinger; W. Thomas Smith Jr. (4 April 2006). [7] However a mutiny amongst the ship caused him and his crew to turn to piracy. The Ganj-i-Sawai (Persian/Hindustani: گنج سواہی, Ganj-i-Sawai, in English "Exceeding Treasure", often anglicized as Gunsway) was an armed Ghanjah dhow (trading ship) belonging to the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb which, along with her escort Fateh Muhammed, was captured on 7 September 1695 by the English pirate Henry Every en route from present day Mocha, Yemen to Surat, India. Henry Avery was born on August 23, 1659 and joined the Royal Navy later in life. [26] Avery's robbery was romaticized, such as his pirate utopia in Madagascar, and his 15,000 followers. Above: Henry Avery depicted with the Fancy engaging the Gunsway in the background. The young curly (h/c) boy, Daniel, said to the blonde girl, Cassie, as she plays Crash Bandicoot. the Gunsway was a gunship with four hundred men at arms. What happened next was a storm of looting, rape, and murder. Aurangzeb made sure not to grant the British any special privallages in 1686, which may have been another contributing factor for the war. Emperor Aurangzeb, enraged, threatened the East India Company (and by extension, all British trade in India). Every’s pirates swarmed aboard the wounded vessel, kicking off a three-hour battle. "Whoa...Henry Avery....the Gunsway heist. [3] The British then sacked the city of Hugli in October 1686. The ships themselves were carrying gold, gems, coins, silks, leather, fabrics, weapons, cannons, ammunition, diamonds, and all manner of other items worth of any value. Every, trapped, supposedly fled back to Ireland, where he met his fate: Whether he was frightened by these Menaces, or had seen some Body else he thought knew him, is not known; but he went immediately over to Ireland, and from thence sollicited his Merchants very hard for a Supply, but to no Purpose, for he was even reduced to beggary: In this Extremity he was resolved to return and cast himself upon them, let the Consequence be what it would. [7] The crews he met were the "Portsmouth Adventurer" pirates (lead by Joseph Faro), "Dolphin" (Want), "Pearl" (William Mace), "Amity" (Thomas Tew) and "Susannah" (Wake) pirates. [27] Several of Avery's men decided to stay in Nassau and marry local women whilst the other pirates split up into three crews. Sometimes you got away with it, loaded with tons of filthy lucre. Dipper: I've never seen this one. [8][9] The "Ganj-i-Sawai" (anglicized; "Gunsway"), was better armed with 40—80 cannons/guns and 400—500 fighting men,[10][11][n. 5] and was also personally owned by Emperor Aurangzeb. [15] Others claim it was between 180—260. ... Every oversaw what is considered the most profitable pirate heist in history. Nathan Drake and his brother Sam, attempted to follow the footsteps of their mother's attempt to pick up the trail of Henry Avery and find the treasure of the Gunsway heist. The battered Ganj-i-sawai limped home to Surat. The attack was so audacious that it nearly vaporized England’s relationship with the emperor, who threatened to flatten the outposts of the East India Company in retaliation. Henry Avery was only on the seas for 2 years, but in that short space of time he racked up one of the biggest hauls that any pirate has ever seen. [3] They also later attained the rights to Bihar and Orissa in 1765. Little is known for certain of his ultimate fate. [7] This only further cemented suspicions from the perspective of the Mughals that the British were operating piracy across their Muslim oceans. He and other big pirates decided to form their own country where they could retire in peace. Teaming up with millionaire businessman/treasure hunter Rafe Adler. There are several different versions of Every’s fate. (Suddenly, they hear the sound of a lamp turning on behind them and the room lights up a little. [3] The British did this not through peaceable means like before with Bihar, but through warring with the very country that had opened up to trade with them. [7] He however declared that he would not attack any British East India Company vessel if they flew certain flags in a certain way. The British fearful of the backlash instead declared war on the Avery pirates and set high-rise bounties totalling upto an estimated $125 million dollars, whilst also paying compensation to the Mughal Emperor. He is known to have used many aliases, and his crew used to call him 'Long Ben'. What made this robbery astounding was the fact that the "Ganj-i-Sawai" was only ever protected by two ships. Nathan Drake and his brother Sam, attempted to follow the footsteps of their mother 's attempt to pick up the trail of Henry Avery and find the treasure of the Gunsway heist. Surat is visible in the lower left hand side. The entire saga was however a testament to how rich and powerful just this one Muslim empire was at the time, ruling so much so that the British were under their thumbs. Imperial Record Department; National Archives of India (2013). The ships had initially been making their trip back to India after having reached Mecca, having exchanged goods, services and trade. After this success, he retired. I wish they made a big DLC as a reenactment of the Gunsway Heist, it could be amazing. The Ganj-i-Sawai (Persian/Hindustani: گنج سواہی, Ganj-i-Sawai, in English "Exceeding Treasure", often anglicized as Gunsway) was an armed Ghanjah dhow (trading ship) belonging to the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb which, along with her escort Fateh Muhammed, was captured on 7 September 1695 by the English pirate Henry Every en route from present day Mocha, Yemen to Surat, India. enable_page_level_ads: true According to the some authors he had a crew of between 400—500 pirates. As a young man, he became a sailor with the Royal Navy, which at that time was part of a “Grand Alliance” against an expansionist France. [7] They sailed for the West African colonies, and found it profitable. So, The Fancy and the Gunsway stood like duellists face to face. The economic loss was also one of the greatest suffered by the Mughals. However, despite the huge sums of money and bounties involved, the Avery pirates were never caught, and were never seen alive again. It’s a short skip from privateering to outright piracy. [7] They had turned to this after having waited for a fleet squadron to be formed. Upon reaching the Mandeb Strait, which connects the Red Sea to the Gulf of Aden, Every teamed up with five other pirate captains in the area —it would mean dividing any loot among more people, but he probably figured that the additional men and cannons were necessary. [27] Each man received £1,000 pounds of the plunder, the equivalent of 20 years worth of wages, according to some. The £325,000 pound figure is actually considered to be a low estimate from the East India Company. [27] By November 1695, the pirates made their way to New Providence Island. A total of 5 ships from crews stretching across England to the US colonies, participated in boarding two large slow wooden ships, which were only defended by two others, with a small, motley crew of bodyguards, who ultimately proved ineffective. Henry Every (also known as Avery, in some accounts, or even Evory) was born near Devon in 1659, although other, arguably more questionable sources cite a different date. [7] These pirates decided to form a pact and together attack the powerful Royal Mughal Fleet. If you were caught, you were usually tortured and killed in ways that made a stint in Guantanamo look like a weekend in Ibiza. Avery was elected as admiral of the pirate ship flotilla and commanded over 400 pirates, despite Tew being more experienced. This series will include all … [27] They then made their way to Nassau, fleeing from the revenge of the Emperor should he make himself known. “Some of the women getting an opportunity, threw themselves into the sea to save their honor while others committed suicide using knives and daggers.”. There were a lot of downsides to being a 17th-century pirate. What’s the Origin Behind These Car Names? 6] Afterwards, Avery's men said they would give mercy on the condition of surrender, however the pirates raped and murdered for at least a week after. By Marquie Brown Discovering tombs and secrets, racing for treasure, and uncovering the mystery of Henry Avery and the Gunsway Heist, Naughty Dog went all out in this fourth and last installment of the Uncharted series where Nathan Drake ventures on his last … Three hundred twenty years ago, Henry Every became the world’s most successful pirate—and its most wanted man—after leading a bloody raid on an Indian treasure fleet. As a young man, he became a sailor with the Royal Navy, which at that time was part of a “Grand Alliance” against an expansionist France. And why was Fancy so battle-damaged? Henry Every (also known as Avery, in some accounts, or even Evory) was born near Devon in 1659, although other, arguably more questionable sources cite a different date. Fifteen years ago, before the events of the first Uncharted game, Nathan and his older brother Samuel Drake are on the trail of Henry Avery, an infamous pirate who plundered 400 million dollars from the Gunsway heist and then vanished. You lie on the hotel bed, already dressed to go, your veins thrumming with anticipation. After leaving the Navy, Every spent a few years as a slave trader. Take Henry Every, for instance. However the robbery and rape saw Aurangzeb completely furious to the point where he sent an army against the British, and he even threatened to invade Britain. Child could hardly have chosen a worse moment to pick such a fight, for in the years 1686-1687 the Mughals completed their conquest of the sultanates of Bijapur and Golkonda, and thus emerged as a major power in the southern peninsula. [27] At Reunion Island, which was halfway towards the cape, Avery divided his treasure, and the crew went their separate ways. the Gunsway was a gunship with four hundred men at arms. He put himself on Board a trading Vessel, and work’d his Passage over to Plymouth, from whence he travelled on Foot to Biddiford, where he had been but a few Days before he fell sick and died; not being worth as much as would buy him a Coffin. This page was last modified on 22 May 2017, at 23:11. 10 Interesting Historical Facts About Uncharted 4's Pirate King, Henry Avery. [15] Sources also vary on the amount of men Avery was said to have. Four centuries ago, it was a lot easier to disappear: no cameras, no Internet, no digital surveillance, no passports or driver’s licenses backed by databases, no credit cards or emails to leave a trail. Upon reaching the Caribbean, they tried to pass as slavers, but too many things didn’t quite add up: why would slavers have a fortune in ivory and gold onboard? Mughal India. [7] Nevertheless, American pirate crews were operating in the area as well; and significantly nearly all of the American ships Avery came across were on their way to rob the grand Mughal fleet that was making it's annual trip from Surat to Makkah, laden with spices and cloth in exchange for coffee and gold. The Company promised to pay reparations, which seriously affected its bottom line. Becoming captain of the Fancy, Avery eventually left the Royal Navy, seeking out riches for gain. (Suddenly, they hear the sound of a lamp turning on behind them and the room lights up a little. [8] Tragically, the "Ganj-i-Sawai's" attempts to set fire to "The Fancy" fell through when one of it's own guns exploded killing many on board, causing significant damage. [16] He made his way to the Carribean, specifically the Bahamas where he bribed officials into allowing him to land there. The British would go onto rule India; from 1757 to 1947; ending a 231 year rule and starting their 190 year rule. The British had previously launched a violent four-year war against the Mughals (1686—1690),[1][2] which after they ended up losing, brought them under closer scrutiny. I am personally impartial to the idea. Some fled to the American colonies, while others kept sailing around the West Indies. Treachery & Betrayel:— Avery later robbed his fellow captains by tricking them into moving all the acrued wealth into his ship, which he claimed was more secure and less prone to being intercepted by the authorities. In UNCHARTED 4 Gameplay Walkthrough Part 28, Nate and Sam finally find Henry Avery's Ship containing the Gunsway Heist treasure. [21] The entire treasure is estimated to have been worth in excess of $400 million dollars in today's value,[17] which included 500,000 gold and silver pieces,[21] and $250 million dollars worth of diamonds. The Charles II, now renamed Fancy, headed for the Indian Ocean. [20] The crew of "The Fancy" kept at least £325,000 pounds ($200 million dollars[22]) of the treasure (some authors claim that this would amount to about $500,000 dollars per person). But that's definitely mom's handwriting. Unable to experience the speed of this world’s turning, born to crawl upon this rock with hearts so full of yearning. He and other big pirates decided to form their own country where they could retire in peace. ... Oh easily Henry Avery is the best in terms of environmental storytelling. It was originally released on May 10, 2016 for the PlayStation 4.. Years after his last great adventure, Nathan Drake has settled down with Elena into a stable, albeit mundane, domestic life. Colonial rule began in 1757 and ended only 1947, after World War II had severely broken the British Empire. The East India Company had been founded in 1600, mainly to rival the Portuguese monopoly in Indonesia. Cassie whispers as she concentrates. The rape & murder of Aurangzeb's grand-daughter was romaticized in Europe. "Pausing for a moment her fingers heisted to turn the next page. George Francis Dow; Johan Henry Edmonds (26 April 2012). [2] According to the Indian National Archives; "The period from 1688 to 1690 then saw a futile armed conflict between the English Company and the Mughal empire of Aurangzeb, largely provoked by the belligerence of Sir Josiah Child. Henry “Long Ben” Avery (c 1659–1696 or 1699) was an English pirate, plying the Atlantic and Indian Oceans and making one big score: the treasure ship of the Grand Mughal of India. ** Henry Avery is implied to have seen the Gunsway heist as this. google_ad_client: "ca-pub-6045033593360465", Beating the best score in the Crash Bandicoot videogame will unlock the bronze trophy Best Score!. They very first trading post set up by the company was in 1612, and did not attain political significance until after the 17th century. [3] The rights to the economic state of Bengal had been given to the British as a sign of diplomacy. Part 3. Who is Alice Ball, the Hero behind “The Ball Method” short film? Introducing new characters such as Samuel Drake, with Sam and Sully Nathan agrees to find the treasure of the Gunsway heist … I was here simply because of uncharted 4, which depicted a story of Nathan Drake and his treasure-pursuing team looking for the legacy of the most notorious pirate of all time, as you wish, Henry Avery. [8] Avery was never arrested, and it is unknown what happened to him. [6] During Aurangzeb's reign the British would never challenge him again, and it was not until after his death did they fully try to overtake India. [8] The Mughal Fleet passed by the pirates under the cover of night, but Avery had found this too late, launching an immediate and zealous pursuit. Although the historical record is somewhat sketchy with regard to his life’s details, it’s clear he was a ruthless man capable of both fastidious planning and improvisation in the moment. A lack of primary sources means that many of the details of his life are guesswork, but we do know that he seized a ship (the Fancy, which is a spectacular name for a giant craft bristling with guns), assembled a pirate crew, and sailed into the Indian Ocean, where in 1695 he attacked a convoy that included the Ganj-i-sawai, an enormous treasure ship owned by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, ruler of virtually the entire Indian subcontinent. Several years before the events of the first game, Nate and Sam hunt for the treasure of pirate Henry Avery, who plundered a fortune during the 1695 Gunsway heist. The Mughal emperor’s fleet made the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, which rendered its route predictable; its ships carried not only Muslim pilgrims, but also treasure and immense amounts of tradable goods. 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